What is Pre-Diabetes :-
Prediabetes is a serious health condition where blood sugar levels are higher than normal, but not high enough yet to be diagnosed as type 2 diabetes. According to Diabetes Australia, approximately 2 million Australian adults—more than 1 in 3—have prediabetes. Of those with prediabetes, more than 80% don’t know they have it. Prediabetes puts you at increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes, heart disease, and stroke.
There are two pre-diabetes conditions:
* Impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) is where blood glucose levels are higher than normal but not high enough to be classified as diabetes.
* Impaired fasting glucose (IFG) is where blood glucose levels are escalated in the fasting state but not high enough to be classified as diabetes.
* It is possible to have both Impaired Fasting Glucose (IFG) and Impaired Glucose Tolerance (IGT)
Causes of Prediabetes:-
Insulin is a hormone made by your pancreas that acts like a key to let blood sugar into cells for use as energy. If you have prediabetes, the cells in your body don’t respond normally to insulin. Your pancreas makes more insulin to try to get cells to respond. Eventually your pancreas can’t keep up, and your blood sugar rises, setting the stage for prediabetes—and type 2 diabetes down the road.
Prediabetes Risk Factors:-
Talk with your doctor about getting screened for diabetes if you’re 45 or older and overweight, or if you’re under 45, overweight and have one or more of these risk factors:
*You’re not regularly physically active
*You’ve been told you have impaired fasting glucose or impaired glucose tolerance
*You have a family history of diabetes
*You’ve had gestational diabetes or have given birth to a baby weighing more than 9 pounds
*You have high blood pressure (140/90 mm Hg or higher)
*Your HDL (“good”) cholesterol is 35 mg/dL or lower
*Your triglycerides level is 250 mg/dL or higher
*You have polycystic ovary syndrome
*You have a history of vascular disease
Prediabetes Symptoms to Watch For :-
“If prediabetes was easy to detect, you wouldn’t have people go years and years before getting diagnosed with type 2 diabetes,” says Antonucci.
Typically, adults experience either no symptoms at all, or the insulin resistance symptoms are so gradual or slight they may go unnoticed for years. Sometimes, though, there are warning signs. These include:
* Increased thirst
* Increased hunger
* Unexplained weight loss, even if eating more
* Frequent urination
The last symptom happens because excess sugar in your bloodstream triggers your body to make more urine in order to flush the glucose out. The more you urinate, the more likely you are to become dehydrated, which can lead to a cycle of increased hunger and thirst signals.
Diabetes symptoms men experience can also cause sexual issues such as erectile dysfunction (ED) and decreased sex drive.
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