As the common name suggests this massage technique comes from India and to be more precise is a Traditional Ayurvedic Treatment. It is a type of massage derived from the Ayurvedic tradition that focuses on the head, shoulders and neck.
According to the ancient system of Ayurveda, the head area holds great healing potential. It is an area of the body with the highest density of Marma points (energy channels) and other energy gateways into the body (this is a similar to acupressure points in Traditional Chinese Medicine). In Ayurveda, Marma points are used in Abhyanga and Shiroabhyanga. These points are used to unblock energy channels and encourage the flow of energy (prana) in the entire body. Through a variety of different techniques, the massage works to release any blocked negative energy in the body that may be manifesting itself as disease or injury in any one of the seven chakras (energy centres) of the body. It does so by applying pressure to certain points (marma) points on the neck, shoulders and head that correspond to each chakra (which is a similar approach to that of reflexology). This unblocks the energy channels, and allows for a free flow of energy around the body, restoring the individual to optimum health and feelings of well being.